In addition to experience, nutrition, and lighting, understanding how to build a brooding cage scientifically and technically will ensure the best conditions for the chickens during the golden period so that the chicks will be healthy and develop when they grow up.
The important information in the article below will help people better understand the necessary standards when building an effective brooder for chicks.
How important is the brooding cage for chicks?
Hatching chickens is the initial stage of the breeding process, a stage that helps chicks gradually adapt to their new living environment after hatching in terms of temperature, light and nutrition. Appropriate incubation conditions will help chicks adapt to the environment better, increasing survival rates and healthy development.
To brood chickens effectively and limit adverse conditions, farmers need to pay attention to designing brooding coops accordingly.
Photo 1: A scientific incubation cage will create favorable conditions for the incubation period
You may be interested in: 99% effective way to brood chicks
How to make a brooding cage for chicks scientifically and technically
Step 1: Prepare materials to make a brooding cage
The brooding cage should be made of insulating materials but must still ensure stability and ventilation. Breeders can use pressed cork, bamboo or thin nylon tarpaulin. In addition, it is necessary to prepare additional bamboo braces, steel wire to fix the brooding cage, bedding, and heating equipment.
Step 2: Choose a place to place the brooding coop
Farmers need to choose a suitable location for the brooding cage, convenient for connecting electricity and water systems. The location of the brooding cage must be cool in the summer, warm in the winter and avoid the influence of wind and rain. The brooding area must be far away from other livestock and poultry raising areas to avoid infection with pathogens from outside. It is necessary to clean and disinfect the brooding coop area with specialized antiseptic solution or lime powder before brooding chicks.
Photo 2: Choose a cool place, less affected by the weather, to place the incubation cage
Step 3: Incubate
The brooding enclosure must be closed, avoiding drafts and rodents that can enter the cage. Farmers can use pressed cork or bamboo to surround them in a circular or rectangular shape, depending on the area of the brooding area. The incubation cage should be about 50-70 cm high, the incubation area should not be larger than 6m2 and the density in the cage should be 60 birds/m2.
Photo 3: The brooder should be about 50-70cm high to prevent drafts
Step 4: Mix bedding
Laying bedding is one of the indispensable steps in the process of building a brooding coop for chicks. Sawdust or rice husks can be used for bedding. Bedding materials need to be dried and disinfected about 3 days in advance to limit disease-causing bacteria and fungi. Before releasing the chickens, spread the filler about 1 day in advance with a minimum thickness of 10 cm and preferably 12 cm thick. The bedding layer not only helps keep the chicks from getting cold feet, but also helps regulate the temperature inside the brooder.
Step 5: Install heating equipment and cover the brooder
To ensure the temperature is always at a good level for chicks, farmers should install heating equipment. You can use incandescent light bulbs with a capacity of 60 – 100W or infrared light bulbs for safety and cost savings. Depending on the age and condition of the chicks, adjust the distance and density of hanging lights accordingly. This is an indispensable job to keep newly hatched chickens warm.
Finally, cover the brooder. Use a sedge mat or tarpaulin to cover the brooding cage to help regulate temperature and avoid the influence of outside factors.
Photo 4: Temperature is the most important factor during the incubation period
Some notes when making a brooding cage for chicks
– Avoid building brooding cages in places where poultry were previously raised
– Avoid positioning close to the door leading to drafts
– Avoid spreading bedding too thinly as this can cause the chicks to easily get cold on their bodies and feet.
– During the incubation period, farmers need to regularly observe the condition of the chicks to adjust the heating lamp temperature accordingly.
Besides making a reasonable incubation coop, use some necessary antibiotics such as Herbal Incubation, Poultry Incubation… to improve resistance and prevent gastrointestinal diseases for chickens when the weather changes suddenly or changes. farming environment.
Photo 5: Herbal brooding and poultry brooding products
Above are all the most effective ways to build a brooding coop to help increase the survival rate of the entire flock. Happy successful people.